Numbers

Words on numbers.

  • Number = figure
  • Digit (0-9)
  • Odd numbers: 1,3,5 etc.
  • Even numbers: 2,4,6, etc.

 Review the numbers from 20 to 99 and pay attention to the word stress!

  • 20: twenty
  • 30: thirty (and 13: thirteen)
  • 40: forty (and 14: fourteen)
  • 50: fifty (and 15: fifteen)
  • 60: sixty (and 16: sixteen)
  • 70: seventy (and 17: seventeen)
  • 80: eighty (and 18: eighteen)
  • 90: ninety (and 19: nineteen)

Large numbers: hundred

  • 100 a/one hundred
  • 110 a/one hundred (and) ten
  • 999 nine hundred (and) ninety-nine
  • Notice: no ‘s’ at the end of ‘hundred
  • Notice: and’ after ‘hundred’ for the Britons.
  • Read: ‘There are 5 million inhabitants in this country.’ (no ‘of’ after million)

 Large numbers: thousand

  • 1,000 a/one thousand
  • 2,345 two thousand three hundred (and) forty-five
  • Notice: no ‘and’ after ‘thousand
  • Notice: a comma (,) to separate groups of three digits
  • Notice: no ‘s’ at the end of ‘thousand

But…

  • Thousands of people
  • Hundreds of visitors
  • Tens of thousands of Britons
  • Scores of tourists
  • Dozens of opportunities
  • Millions of euros

 Very large numbers

  • 100,000 a/one hundred thousand
  • 1,000,000 a/one million
  • 1,000,000,000 a/one milliard/billion
  • 123,456,789 one hundred and twenty-three million four hundred and fifty-six thousand seven hundred and eighty-nine

 Telling the time

  • Just say the numbers! Forget ‘past’ ‘to’!
  • Your train is leaving at 11:40

–      eleven forty

  • The shop closes at 20:30

–      twenty thirty or eight thirty pm

  • The park is open from 9:00 (nine) in the morning to 5:00 (five) in the afternoon.
  • 12:00 midday, noon, midnight.

 Telling the date, review the ordinal numbers

  • 1st first
  • 2nd second
  • 3rd third
  • 4th fourth
  • 5th fifth
  • 6th sixth
  • 7th seventh
  • 8th eighth
  • 9th ninth
  • 10th tenth and then you only add ‘th’ for the following numbers.
  • 15 March 2017

–      on the fifteenth of March two thousand and seventeen (or twenty seventeen)

  • 1800

–      eighteen hundred

  • 2000

–      the year two thousand

  • 1066

–      ten sixty-six

  • 1805

–      eighteen ‘oh’ five

  • 46BC

–      forty-six BC (Before Christ)

  • 52AD

fifty-two AD (Anno Domini, after Christ

 Telling the price

  • €45: forty-five euros
  • $456:  four hundred and fifty-six dollars
  • £1,234:  one thousand two hundred and thirty-four pounds
  • $7.99: seven dollars ninety-nine (cents)
  • £10.99: ten pounds ninety-nine (pence)
  • £0.99: ninety-nine pence / pees
  • £1,599pp: one thousand five hundred and ninety-nine pounds per person
  • £2,499pppn: two thousand four hundred and ninety-nine pounds per person per night

 

Talking about distances and duration

  • How far is Arcachon (from Bordeaux)?
  • Arcachon is 60 km away (from Bordeaux).
  • The modern art museum is just a stone’s throw away (from the hotel).
  • The tram stop is within walking distance of the convention center.
  • The Galapagos islands are 600 miles off the coast of Ecuador.
  • The airport is a mere twenty minute drive from the resort.
  • Local trains run every 20 minutes.

 Describing the dimensions of a monument or a natural feature

  • The St Andre cathedral is 407 ft long, 59 ft wide and 75 ft high in the nave and 95 ft high in the chancel (altar area, cœur).
  • The Garonne river is 1,800ft across in Bordeaux.
  • At its headwaters (source of a river), the Mississippi is less than 3 feet deep.

 Adjectives and noun

  • Long / the length
  • High / the height
  • Wide / the width (beam for a boat)
  • Deep / the depth
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